Skip links

Feminization Procedures

Discover a range of options aimed at aligning physical appearance with your female identity

Schedule your Surgery Today
Feminization Procedures


Voice feminization surgery is a specialized set of procedures designed to modify the vocal characteristics of transgender women, with a primary focus on achieving a more traditionally feminine voice. While hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can contribute to subtle changes in pitch, some individuals opt for surgical interventions to enhance these changes more significantly.

In terms of pitch, the average male voice typically falls within the range of 85 to 180 Hertz (Hz), while the average female voice is generally between 165 and 255 Hz. Voice feminization surgery aims to elevate the pitch of the voice, bringing it closer to the female range. The success of the surgery is measured not only by the achieved pitch but also by the naturalness and authenticity of the resulting voice.

One common surgical approach for voice feminization is thyroplasty. During this procedure, the cartilage in the larynx, often referred to as the Adam’s apple, is adjusted to modify the tension of the vocal cords. Thyroplasty is particularly effective in raising the pitch of the voice, contributing to a more feminine resonance. By altering the structure of the vocal cords, this surgery can help align the pitch range within a typical female range.

It’s important to emphasize that while surgery can be a powerful tool in voice feminization, it is often complemented by post-operative speech therapy. Speech therapists work with individuals to refine intonation, resonance, and speech patterns, ensuring that the modified voice sounds both natural and comfortable for the individual.

Voice feminization benefits:

  • Elevates pitch to a more feminine range.
  • Enhances authenticity and naturalness.
  • Improves resonance for a feminine sound.
  • Customized approach to meet individual goals.
  • Complements speech therapy for optimal results.


Facial Feminization Surgery (FFS) is a comprehensive set of surgical procedures designed to alter facial features and create a more traditionally feminine appearance in transgender women. FFS addresses both bone and soft tissue structures to achieve a harmonious and gender-affirming facial aesthetic. The specific procedures chosen depend on individual preferences and goals, and not all transgender women opt for every available surgery. Here is a detailed overview of some common FFS procedures:

  • Forehead Contouring: FFS often involves reshaping the forehead to reduce the prominence of the brow ridge, which is typically more pronounced in individuals assigned male at birth. This procedure may include frontal bone contouring or brow bossing reduction to create a smoother, more feminine forehead.


  • Tracheal Shave: Also known as chondrolaryngoplasty, this procedure involves reducing the prominence of the Adam’s apple (thyroid cartilage), contributing to a softer and more feminine neck profile.


  • Rhinoplasty: Feminizing rhinoplasty focuses on reshaping the nose to create a more refined and delicate appearance. This may involve reducing the size of the nose, refining the nasal tip, and addressing any other masculine features.


  • Cheek Augmentation: FFS can include cheek augmentation to enhance the prominence of the cheekbones, creating a more feminine and sculpted facial contour. This is often achieved through the use of implants or fat grafting.


  • Lip Lift and Augmentation: Procedures such as lip lift or lip augmentation can be performed to enhance the fullness and definition of the lips, contributing to a more feminine and youthful facial appearance.


  • Jaw and Chin Contouring: Masculine jaw and chin features can be auddressed through reduction procedures to create a softer, more rounded appearance. This may involve chin reduction, jaw contouring, or V-line surgery to achieve a more feminine jawline.


  • Facelift and Neck Lift: These procedures can help address sagging skin and provide a more youthful appearance. Facelift surgery tightens and lifts the skin of the face, while a neck lift targets sagging skin and muscle in the neck area.


  • Hairline Advancement: For those with a receding hairline, hairline advancement surgery may be performed to lower the hairline, creating a more feminine forehead and improving the overall facial balance.

It’s important to note that the decision to undergo FFS is highly personal, and not all transgender women choose the same set of procedures. The surgical plan is often tailored to individual needs and goals, and the process may involve collaboration between the patient and a team of skilled surgeons and healthcare professionals. 

Facial feminization benefits:

  • Aligns facial features with identity.
  • Softens masculine traits, enhancing self-esteem.
  • Helps in being perceived as female.
  • Tailored to individual goals and needs.
  • Provides holistic and enduring feminization.
  • Promotes congruence and well-being.


Bariatric surgery, a medical intervention to treat obesity, includes various procedures aimed at achieving substantial and sustained weight loss when traditional weight loss methods have proven ineffective. 

  • Gastric Bypass (Roux-en-Y): This procedure involves the creation of a small pouch at the top of the stomach and rerouting the small intestine to connect to the pouch. By limiting the stomach’s capacity and reducing the absorption of calories and nutrients, gastric bypass facilitates weight loss.


  • Sleeve Gastrectomy: This surgery entails the removal of a portion of the stomach, resulting in a smaller, banana-shaped stomach. With reduced stomach capacity and diminished production of hunger-inducing hormones, individuals experience weight loss.


  • Intragastric Balloon: Unlike surgical procedures, the intragastric balloon is a non-surgical option. A deflated balloon is inserted into the stomach through the mouth and then inflated. This process creates a feeling of fullness, reducing the amount of food a person can comfortably consume. The balloon is typically temporary and requires removal after a few months.


Bariatric surgery is generally recommended for individuals with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher, or a BMI of 35 or higher with significant obesity-related health conditions. The decision to pursue surgery, including the intragastric balloon, is made following a thorough evaluation, including psychological assessments and nutritional counseling, to ensure preparedness for the associated lifestyle changes.

Post-surgery, regardless of the method chosen, patients must commit to substantial dietary and exercise adjustments. Bariatric surgery acts as a facilitator for weight loss, but long-term success hinges on sustained healthy lifestyle choices.

Bariatric surgery benefits:

  • Improved physical health and reduced risk of obesity-related conditions.
  • Enhanced alignment with gender identity, reducing gender dysphoria.
  • Preparation for Gender Confirmation Surgery (GCS) with optimized outcomes.
  • Potential enhancement of hormone therapy effectiveness.
  • Positive impact on mental health and self-esteem.
  • Promotion of healthier lifestyle habits for long-term well-being.